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Last Updated: 08/18/21

Imaging Guidelines

Bone

2016: Van den Wyngaert T, Strobel K, Kampen WU, Kuwert T, van der Bruggen W, Mohan HK, Gnanasegaran G, Delgado-Bolton R, Weber WA, Beheshti M, Langsteger W, Giammarile F, Mottaghy FM, Paycha F; EANM Bone & Joint Committee and the Oncology Committee. The EANM practice guidelines for bone scintigraphy. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2016 Aug;43(9):1723-38. doi: 10.1007/s00259-016-3415-4. Epub 2016 Jun 4. PMID: 27262701; PMCID: PMC4932135.

2015: Beheshti M, Mottaghy FM, Paycha F, Behrendt FFF, Van den Wyngaert T, Fogelman I, Strobel K, Celli M, Fanti S, Giammarile F, Krause B, Langsteger W. (18)F-NaF PET/CT: EANM procedure guidelines for bone imaging. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2015 Oct;42(11):1767-1777. doi: 10.1007/s00259-015-3138-y. Epub 2015 Jul 23. Erratum in: Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2017 Nov 13;: PMID: 26201825.

Brain

2021: Avula S, Peet A, Morana G, Morgan P, Warmuth-Metz M, Jaspan T; European Society for Paediatric Oncology (SIOPE)-Brain Tumour Imaging Group. European Society for Paediatric Oncology (SIOPE) MRI guidelines for imaging patients with central nervous system tumours. Childs Nerv Syst. 2021 Aug;37(8):2497-2508. doi: 10.1007/s00381-021-05199-4. Epub 2021 May 10. Erratum in: Childs Nerv Syst. 2021 Jul 19;: PMID: 33973057.

2019: Law I, Albert NL, Arbizu J, Boellaard R, Drzezga A, Galldiks N, la Fougère C, Langen KJ, Lopci E, Lowe V, McConathy J, Quick HH, Sattler B, Schuster DM, Tonn JC, Weller M. Joint EANM/EANO/RANO practice guidelines/SNMMI procedure standards for imaging of gliomas using PET with radiolabelled amino acids and [18F]FDG: version 1.0. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2019 Mar;46(3):540-557. doi: 10.1007/s00259-018-4207-9. Epub 2018 Dec 5. PMID: 30519867; PMCID: PMC6351513.

General

2021: Vali R, Alessio A, Balza R, Borgwardt L, Bar-Sever Z, Czachowski M, Jehanno N, Kurch L, Pandit-Taskar N, Parisi M, Piccardo A, Seghers V, Shulkin BL, Zucchetta P, Lim R. SNMMI Procedure Standard/EANM Practice Guideline on Pediatric 18F-FDG PET/CT for Oncology 1.0. J Nucl Med. 2021 Jan;62(1):99-110. doi: 10.2967/jnumed.120.254110. PMID: 33334912.

2015: Boellaard R, Delgado-Bolton R, Oyen WJ, Giammarile F, Tatsch K, Eschner W, Verzijlbergen FJ, Barrington SF, Pike LC, Weber WA, Stroobants S, Delbeke D, Donohoe KJ, Holbrook S, Graham MM, Testanera G, Hoekstra OS, Zijlstra J, Visser E, Hoekstra CJ, Pruim J, Willemsen A, Arends B, Kotzerke J, Bockisch A, Beyer T, Chiti A, Krause BJ; European Association of Nuclear Medicine (EANM). FDG PET/CT: EANM procedure guidelines for tumour imaging: version 2.0. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2015 Feb;42(2):328-54. doi: 10.1007/s00259-014-2961-x. Epub 2014 Dec 2. PMID: 25452219; PMCID: PMC4315529.

Gastrointestinal

2015: Liu T, Behr S, Khan S, Osterhoff R, Aparici CM. Focal Colonic FDG Activity with PET/CT: Guidelines for Recommendation of Colonoscopy. World J Nucl Med. 2015 Jan-Apr;14(1):25-30. doi: 10.4103/1450-1147.150524. PMID: 25709541; PMCID: PMC4337003.

Lung

2017: MacMahon H, Naidich DP, Goo JM, Lee KS, Leung ANC, Mayo JR, Mehta AC, Ohno Y, Powell CA, Prokop M, Rubin GD, Schaefer-Prokop CM, Travis WD, Van Schil PE, Bankier AA. Guidelines for Management of Incidental Pulmonary Nodules Detected on CT Images: From the Fleischner Society 2017. Radiology. 2017 Jul;284(1):228-243. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2017161659. Epub 2017 Feb 23. PMID: 28240562.

Melanoma

2015: Bluemel C, Herrmann K, Giammarile F, Nieweg OE, Dubreuil J, Testori A, Audisio RA, Zoras O, Lassmann M, Chakera AH, Uren R, Chondrogiannis S, Colletti PM, Rubello D. EANM practice guidelines for lymphoscintigraphy and sentinel lymph node biopsy in melanoma. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2015 Oct;42(11):1750-1766. doi: 10.1007/s00259-015-3135-1. Epub 2015 Jul 25. PMID: 26205952.

Radiopharmaceutical Therapy

2020: Hurwitz M, Buscombe JR, Jacene HA, Klitzke AK, Lamonica D, Lu Y, Pryma DA, Rohren EM, Speer TW, Subramaniam RM, Thompson HM, Tomblyn MB, Wong WW, Xiao Y, Banks KP, Brown RKJ. ACR-ACNM-ASTRO-SNMMI Practice Parameter for the Performance of Therapy With Radium-223. Am J Clin Oncol. 2020 Aug;43(8):539-544. doi: 10.1097/COC.0000000000000702. PMID: 32520788.

2016: Ljungberg M, Celler A, Konijnenberg MW, Eckerman KF, Dewaraja YK, Sjögreen- Gleisner K; SNMMI MIRD Committee, Bolch WE, Brill AB, Fahey F, Fisher DR, Hobbs R, Howell RW, Meredith RF, Sgouros G, Zanzonico P; EANM Dosimetry Committee, Bacher K, Chiesa C, Flux G, Lassmann M, Strigari L, Walrand S. MIRD Pamphlet No. 26: Joint EANM/MIRD Guidelines for Quantitative 177Lu SPECT Applied for Dosimetry of Radiopharmaceutical Therapy. J Nucl Med. 2016 Jan;57(1):151-62. doi: 10.2967/jnumed.115.159012. Epub 2015 Oct 15. PMID: 26471692.

Radiotherapy

2021: Adam JA, Loft A, Chargari C, Delgado Bolton RC, Kidd E, Schöder H, Veit-Haibach P, Vogel WV. EANM/SNMMI practice guideline for [18F]FDG PET/CT external beam radiotherapy treatment planning in uterine cervical cancer v1.0. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2021 Apr;48(4):1188-1199. doi: 10.1007/s00259-020-05112-2. Epub 2020 Dec 4. PMID: 33275178; PMCID: PMC8041686.

Thyroid

2018: Ha EJ, Na DG, Baek JH, Sung JY, Kim JH, Kang SY. US Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy for Thyroid Malignancy: Diagnostic Performance of Seven Society Guidelines Applied to 2000 Thyroid Nodules. Radiology. 2018 Jun;287(3):893-900. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2018171074. Epub 2018 Feb 21. PMID: 29465333.

Urogenital

2021: Manganaro L, Lakhman Y, Bharwani N, Gui B, Gigli S, Vinci V, Rizzo S, Kido A, Cunha TM, Sala E, Rockall A, Forstner R, Nougaret S. Staging, recurrence and follow-up of uterine cervical cancer using MRI: Updated Guidelines of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology after revised FIGO staging 2018. Eur Radiol. 2021 Apr 14. doi: 10.1007/s00330-020-07632-9. Epub ahead of print. Erratum in: Eur Radiol. 2021 Jun 17;: PMID: 33852049.

2019: Nougaret S, Horta M, Sala E, Lakhman Y, Thomassin-Naggara I, Kido A, Masselli G, Bharwani N, Sadowski E, Ertmer A, Otero-Garcia M, Kubik-Huch RA, Cunha TM, Rockall A, Forstner R. Endometrial Cancer MRI staging: Updated Guidelines of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology. Eur Radiol. 2019 Feb;29(2):792-805. doi: 10.1007/s00330-018-5515-y. Epub 2018 Jul 11. PMID: 29995239.

2011: Balleyguier C, Sala E, Da Cunha T, Bergman A, Brkljacic B, Danza F, Forstner R, Hamm B, Kubik-Huch R, Lopez C, Manfredi R, McHugo J, Oleaga L, Togashi K, Kinkel K. Staging of uterine cervical cancer with MRI: guidelines of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology. Eur Radiol. 2011 May;21(5):1102-10. doi: 10.1007/s00330-010-1998-x. Epub 2010 Nov 10. PMID: 21063710.

2018: Kubik-Huch RA, Weston M, Nougaret S, Leonhardt H, Thomassin-Naggara I, Horta M, Cunha TM, Maciel C, Rockall A, Forstner R. European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) Guidelines: MR Imaging of Leiomyomas. Eur Radiol. 2018 Aug;28(8):3125-3137. doi: 10.1007/s00330-017-5157-5. Epub 2018 Feb 28. PMID: 29492599; PMCID: PMC6028852.

Renal

2018: Ward RD, Tanaka H, Campbell SC, Remer EM. 2017 AUA Renal Mass and Localized Renal Cancer Guidelines: Imaging Implications. Radiographics. 2018 Nov-Dec;38(7):2021-2033. doi: 10.1148/rg.2018180127. Epub 2018 Oct 19. PMID: 30339517.

Prostate

2019: Afaq A, Gleeson F, Scarsbrook A, Bradley K, Subesinghe M, Macpherson R, Haroon A, Patel N, Chua S, Wong WL, Vinjamuri S, Warbey VS, Cook GJ, Bomanji J. UK guidelines on 18F-fluciclovine PET/CT in prostate cancer imaging. Nucl Med Commun. 2019 Jul;40(7):662-674. doi: 10.1097/MNM.0000000000001030. PMID: 31145206.

2017: Fendler WP, Eiber M, Beheshti M, Bomanji J, Ceci F, Cho S, Giesel F, Haberkorn U, Hope TA, Kopka K, Krause BJ, Mottaghy FM, Schöder H, Sunderland J, Wan S, Wester HJ, Fanti S, Herrmann K. 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT: Joint EANM and SNMMI procedure guideline for prostate cancer imaging: version 1.0. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2017 Jun;44(6):1014-1024. doi: 10.1007/s00259-017-3670-z. PMID: 28283702.